Arrest of Christ from The Book of Kells (9th century), from DRIS Trinity College Liberary Dublin IE TCD MS 58
Et hymno dicto exierunt in Montem Oliveti - when they had sung a hymn they went out to the Mount of Olives.
The “Arrest of Christ,” being one of the most important moments in the Gospels, is naturally a subject of artistic rendition. The arrangement of this image is extremely symmetrical, but space and layer are also shown. This is a distinguished style that combined insular and Mediterranean art. Christ in the middle is depicted proportionally larger than the two Romans who are holding his hands, but there is no sense of urgency. The implication is clear: by peacefully surrendering, Jesus has accepted his fate and has overcome his fear of death.
Early Middle Ages (c. 500-1000)